Chicot AK 170 - History

Chicot AK 170 - History


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Chicot

A county in Arkansas.

(AK-170: dp. 2,382; 1. 338'6"; b. 50'; dr. 21'1"; s. 12 k.;
cpl. 85; a. 1 3"; cl. Alamosa)

Chicot (AK-170) was launched 16 July 1944 by Froemming Brothers, Inc., Milwaukee, Wis., under a Maritime Commission contract; sponsored by Mrs. F. Maraseo; acquired by the Navy 13 March 1945, and commissioned 4 April 1945, Lieutenant Commander L. Marshall, USNR, in command.

Chicot sailed from Gulfport, Miss., 10 May 1945 for Honolulu, where she discharged cargo then voyaged to San Francisco, returning to Pearl Harbor with another load of cargo 24 July. She put out of Pearl Harbor 30 July with cargo for Eniwetok, and until 10 March 194fi, remained in the western Pacific, carrying cargo between Eniwetok, Ulithi, Tacloban, Saipan, Okinawa, Guam Manus, Samar, and Subic Bay. She departed Guam 10 March for the west coast, and on 18 July 1946 was decommissioned at Seattle, and returned to the Maritime Commission the next day.

Chicot was reacquired 14 May 1947, and after repair recommissioned 23 June 1947. She departed Seattle 18 July for Pearl Harbor. From 19 November, when she sailed from Guam and Pearl Harbor, Chicot carried cargo between the islands of the western Pacific, calling at Saipan, Truk, Ponape, Manus, and Kusaie. After local operations at Hawaii, she made a voyage to Guam and Saipan early in 1949, and returned to San Francisco 15 March.

Chicot cleared San Pedro 27 April 1949 for cargo duty in the islands of the western Pacific, to Pearl Harbor and to Japan. Guam was her base until 24 July 1951, when she was decommissioned there and transferred to the Department of the Interior.


This is a list of auxiliaries of the United States Navy.

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Chicot County

Population Characteristics as per the 2010 U.S. Census:

Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander

Hispanic Origin (may be of any race)

18.3 people per square mile

Median Household Income (2009)

Per Capita Income (2005–2009)

Percent of Population below Poverty Line

Chicot County is the southeasternmost county in Arkansas. It is bounded by Louisiana to the south and the Mississippi River to the east. The county is located in the heart of the Mississippi Delta therefore, it is a prime location for agriculture, with some of the richest soils in the state. Because of this, the county continues to have strong ties to the land and is consistently one of the largest producers of cotton in Arkansas. With Lake Chicot as the largest natural lake in Arkansas and the largest oxbow lake in North America, the county provides residents and tourists with ample opportunities for year-round fishing.

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a population of 11,800, with three incorporated cities. The largest is Lake Village, with a population of 2,575. Because of its central location, Lake Village is the county seat. Dermott is the second-largest city, with a population of 2,316 it is located in the northwest corner of the county. The smallest city is Eudora, with a population of 2,269.

Pre-European Exploration through European Exploration and Settlement
While the first recorded history of the county dates to 1542, its natural history goes back nearly two hundred years before that. Lake Chicot was formed at a time when the Mississippi River cut off a meander, thus creating the largest oxbow lake on the North American continent. The name given to the county and the lake was derived from a French word denoting a stump, a snag, or some other kind of submerged timber stumps are a distinct feature of the lake.

Louisiana Purchase through Early Statehood
The county was carved out of Arkansas County by the territorial legislature in October 1823. The first county seat was at Villemont, named for one of the commanders from Arkansas Post, Don Carlos De Villemont, who was given a grant of land located near the lake in 1795 called the Island del Chicot. Villemont died in 1823, but a settlement was established in his honor in 1822, and this became the seat of government in the county. Villemont was a thriving town of 500 until the late 1840s, when the Mississippi River caused the community’s downfall. The current of the Mississippi River began eating at the banks near Villemont, and the county’s first seat of government crumbled into the river. By 1847, what little remained of Villemont was washed into the river for good. After this, the county seat was moved to the settlement of Columbia until it was relocated inland to Masona on Bayou Macon. Masona was fifteen miles inland, however, and thus too far away from the river traffic, so the people of the county decided in 1857 to move the county seat to Lake Village. Columbia suffered the same fate as Villemont. The town thrived for a few years until 1885, when Columbia’s courthouse fell into the river and was swept away.

When it was first established, the county’s borders encompassed much more land than in modern times, extending to the Saline and Ouachita rivers in the west and to within ten miles of the Arkansas River on the north. This included the present-day counties of Desha, Drew, and Ashley counties as well as present-day Chicot County.

In the years leading up to the Civil War, Chicot County was widely considered to be the richest county in the state and one of the richest in the country. This is due in part to the amount of cotton production in the county as well as the sheer number of slaves there during this period. In 1850, 145 white families in the county owned a total of 3,984 slaves. The slave-to-white ratio in the county was higher than any other county in the state, and Union County is the only county in Arkansas that had more slaves than Chicot. By 1860, the county was producing 40,948 bales of cotton at its highest price in years at 12.4 cents per pound.

Civil War through the Gilded Age
During the Civil War, three companies of Confederate soldiers were raised in the county: the Chicot Rangers, the Chicot Guards, and the Chicot Rebels. Most went off to fight in other areas, as the only major skirmish in the area was the Engagement at Old River Lake (a.k.a. Engagement at Ditch Bayou). This was the last engagement fought in Arkansas. Through the first years of the war, guerrilla warfare was common in the area. Numerous Confederates fired on the Union steamboats coming up and down the river near the eastern boundaries of the county.

Chicot County had a number of important ports on the lower portion of the Mississippi River. One of these was Gaines Landing, named for Ben P. Gaines, R. M. Gaines, and William H. Gaines, who had settled the area. This was one of the chief ports on the lower Mississippi from 1830 to 1880. Another important landing was on Grand Lake near Eudora. This landing served as a docking point for a number of riverboats in the years leading up to the Civil War. The boats came in with freight and mail and left with cotton, fur, hides, and other products that were used throughout the region. The landing on Grand Lake was later known as Carriola Landing. From the end of the war to the beginning of the twentieth century, this landing was one of the largest shipping points on the Mississippi River south of Helena (Phillips County).

Early Twentieth Century
None of the towns in the county experienced much growth before 1900. The population of Chicot County significantly rose, however, from 1900 to 1910. This is due in large part to the coming of the Memphis, Helena, Louisiana Railroad to Lake Village in 1903. With the coming of the railroad, businesses and offices started to spring up all along Main Street. This included some nine saloons on Main Street alone by 1907. The other towns in the county experienced similar growth in these years, again partly due to the fact that the county now had a significant rail line.

The economic growth was cut short by the Flood of 1927, which put nearly thirteen percent of the state under water. Since most people in the county were farmers, they were hurt most by the flood. The dams, spillways, and natural streams that carried water to the farmland were virtually destroyed. Lake Chicot, normally a clear lake, became a settling basin for muddy water all the way from Pine Bluff (Jefferson County).

World War II through the Modern Era
During World War II, two of the ten internment camps in the nation for Japanese Americans were located in southeast Arkansas, and one of these was located in Chicot County. The Jerome Relocation Center was located in the small community of Jerome near Dermott. The camp was in operation from October 1942 through June 1944 and, at its height, had a population of 8,497 residents of Japanese descent.

Today, the county maintains its agricultural roots. Cotton, rice, and soybeans are the primary agricultural products in the county, though catfish farming and corn production are on the rise. Recreation is also centered on outdoor activities as well. While Lake Chicot is the largest lake in the county, there are others that provide ample fishing and water-sport opportunities, including Grand Lake near Eudora and Lake Wallace near Dermott.

With Lake Chicot being the main source of recreation in the county, clean-up efforts were crucial to keeping the lake usable for such purposes. In 1968, the Lake Chicot Project was created to help divert muddy water into the Mississippi River. The $89 million project was started in August 1976 and finished in April 1985. The project included creating a pumping plant and a dam just north of the lake to divert water to the Mississippi. Within a few years, the lake was restored to its former clear water, and boating and fishing became common once again.

For additional information:
Jones, J. Wayne. “Seeding Chicot: The Isaac H. Hilliard Plantation and the Arkansas Delta” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 59 (Summer 2000): 147–185.

Moneyhon, Carl. “The Impact of the Civil War in Arkansas: The Mississippi River Plantation Counties” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 51 (Summer 1992): 105–118.

Simons, Don. In Their Words: A Chronicle of the Civil War in Chicot County, Arkansas, and Adjacent Waters of the Mississippi River. Sulphur, LA: Wise Publications, 2000.

Sutton, Keith. “The Death and Rebirth of Lake Chicot.” Arkansas Game and Fish 16 (September/October 1985): 5–9.

Wintory, Blake. Chicot County. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2015.

Scott Cashion
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville


Welcome to Chicot County

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Chicot County, a rich, flat farmland, was formed October 1823 by the Territorial Legislature from part of Arkansas County. Its name was thought to have come from the French word "chicot" (stumpy) for the many cypress knees along the river. Lake Village is the county seat. Chicot County is the state's southeastern-most county and is well known for its rich, fertile soil. Agriculture is strong cotton, rice and soybeans are the big three with catfish farming and processing gaining, with the capabilities of processing up to 170,000 pounds a day. Lake Chicot offers many recreational opportunities. The lake is 22 miles long and is the largest oxbow lake in the nation. The county park offers cabins, swimming, fishing, boating, camping, tours, picnicking, and many other recreational opportunities. Many plantation homes are also located in the county. As of the 2000 census, Chicot County had a population of 14,117 residents.


Lake Village

Approximately 125 miles southeast of Little Rock, Lake Village is located along Great River Road National Scenic Byway and lies on the curving shore of picturesque Lake Chicot, a 20-mile long abandoned channel of the Mississippi River. This ancient river channel is Arkansas's largest natural lake and the largest oxbow lake in North America.

Fishing for crappie, bass, bluegill, and catfish, as well as water sports and birding, are popular at Lake Chicot State Park , along with cabins, campgrounds, a marina, and other recreational assets. County and private campgrounds also are located on the lakeshore, while the downtown Jack R. Rhodes Lakefront Park provides a community swimming area, walking path, small amphitheater, boat ramp, and picnic pavilions. A state-of-the-art Arkansas Welcome Center on the lake greets visitors to the state.

The historic Lakeport Plantation near Lake Village is the only remaining antebellum plantation home located along the Arkansas stretch of the Mississippi River. The restored Greek revival home is open to the public as one of Arkansas State University's heritage sites and features exhibits on the people who lived and worked on the plantation.

Other area attractions include exhibits at the Lake Chicot Pumping Plant, a facility built to protect the lake's water quality a marker recording the site where Charles Lindbergh landed in April 1923 after completing history's first night flight a Depression-era mural at the U. S. Post Office in Lake Village an Arkansas Welcome Center on the lake and the longest cable-stayed bridge on the Mississippi River, linking Lake Village to Greenville, Mississippi. It opened to traffic in 2010, replacing a bridge built in 1940. Additionally, shoppers from all over Arkansas and surrounding states flock to the Paul Michael Company in Lake Village for a wide variety of home décor items, ranging from traditional to modern.

While Lake Village was not incorporated as a town until 1898, the history of the area begins much earlier, with the arrival of the Spanish in 1541. Legend has it that Hernando de Soto and his men came upon a friendly Native American tribe, ruled by Chief Chicot, whose village was near the present-day site of Lake Village. Though de Soto did die in 1542 at an Indian village likely near what is now Lake Village, Chief Chicot is not mentioned in the chronicles of the expedition. Come and do your own exploration of this historic town.


Arkansas Genealogy Records Online

County Formed Parent County County Seat
Arkansas County1813Original CountyDeWitt
Ashley County1848Chicot, Union, Drew Hamburg
Baxter County1873Fulton, Izard, Marion & SearcyMountain Home
Benton County1836Washington Bentonville
Boone County1869Carrol, Madison Harrison
Bradley County1840Union Warren
Calhoun County1850Dallas, OuachitaHampton
Carroll County1833Izard Berryville
Chicot County1823ArkansasLake Village
Clark County1818ArkansasArkadelphia
Clay County1873Randolph, Greene Eastern Dist. - Piggott
Western Dist. - Corning
Cleburne County1883White, Van Buren, IndependenceHeber Springs
Cleveland County1873Dallas, Bradley, Jefferson, LincolnRison
Columbia County1852Lafayette, Hempstead, Quachita Magnolia
Conway County1825PulaskiMorrilton
Craighead County1859Mississippi, Green, PoinsettJonesboro
Crawford County1820PulaskiVan Buren
Crittenden County1825PhillipsMarion
Cross County1862Crittenden, Poinsett, St. FrancisWynne
Dallas County1845Clark, BradleyFordyce
Desha County1838Arkansas, ChicotArkansas City
Drew County1846Arkansas, BradleyMonticello
Faulkner County1873Pulaski, ConwayConway
Franklin County1837CrawfordOzark
Fulton County1842IzardSalem
Garland County1873SalineHot Spring
Grant County1869Jefferson, Hot Spring, SalineSheridan
Greene County1833LawrenceParagould
Hempstead County1818ArkansasHope
Hot Spring County1829ClarkMalvern
Howard County1873Pike, Hempstead, Polk, SevierNashville
Independence County1820Lawrence, ArkansasBatesville
Izard County1825Independence, FultonMelbourne
Jackson County1829WoodruffNewport
Jefferson County1829Arkansas, PulaskiPine Bluff
Johnson County1833PopeClarksville
Lafayette County1827HempsteadLewisville
Lawrence County1815New Madrid, MOWalnut Ridge
Lee County1873Phillips, Monroe, Chittenden, St. FrancisMarianna
Lincoln County1871Arkansas, Bradley, Desha, Drew, JeffersonStar City
Little River County1867HempsteadAshdown
Logan County1871Pope, Franklin, Johnson, Scott, YellBooneville
Lonoke County1873Pulaski, PrairieLonoke
Madison County1836WashingtonHuntsville
Marion County1836IzardYellville
Miller County1820Lafayette abolished 1836 ret. 1874Texarkana
Mississippi County1833CrittendenOsceola and Blytheville
Monroe County1829Phillips, ArkansasClarendon
Montgomery County1842Hot SpringMount Ida
Nevada County1871Hempstead, Columbia, QuachitaPrescott
Newton County1842CarrollJasper
Perry County1840ConwayPerryville
Phillips County1820ArkansasHelena
Pike County1833Clark, HempsteadMurfeesboro
Poinsett County1838Green, St. FrancisHarrisburg
Polk County1844SevierMena
Pope County1829CrawfordRussellville
Prairie County1846Pulaski, MonroeDes Arc
Pulaski County1818ArkansasLittle Rock
Quachita County1842UnionCamden
Randolph County1835LawrencePocahontas
St. Francis County1827PhillipsForrest City
Saline County1835Pulaski, HempsteadBenton
Scott County1833Pulaski, Crawford, PopeWaldron
Searcy County1838MarionMarshall
Sebastian County1851Scott, Polk, Crawford, Van BurenFort Smith
Sevier County1828Hempstead, MillerDe Queen
Sharp County1868LawrenceAsh Flat
Stone County1873Izard, Independence, Searcy, Van BurenMountain View
Union County1829Hempstead, ClarkEl Dorado
Van Buren County1833Independence, Conway, IzardClinton
Washington County1828CrawfordFayetteville
White County1835Pulaski, Jackson, Independence Searcy
Woodruff County1862Jackson, St. FrancisAugusta
Yell County1840Pope, ScottDanville


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6. Lake Ouachita Garland & Montgomery Counties

Source: Roschetzky Photography / shutterstock Lake Ouachita

Lake Ouachita is the largest lake that is located 100 per cent within Arkansas. The 16,000 hectare lake was created by the damming of the Ouachita River.

It is surrounded by the Ouachita National Forest, making it quite tranquil and beautiful. It is also known as having one of the world’s largest crystal veins!

Scuba divers from all over the world come to Lake Ouachita to plunge into its 60 metres of water and enjoy the underwater life. It is also known as the ‘Striped Bass Capital of the World’.


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It is officially time to break out those kiddy pools, throw those freezie pops in the freezer, and put on that sunscreen. Our recent months of lockdown have made the 2021 Summer that much sweeter, and, be assured, Summer 2021 is going to be sizzling!

Read the full article »


Find a Puppy: Leonberger

AKC Marketplace | PuppyFinder

GENERAL APPEARANCE

Don’t let his size and lion-like looks fool you the Leonberger is a big bundle of love. Bred as farm dogs and family companions, Leonbergers are eager to please and, with their love of children, are wonderful family dogs. Because they respond so well to training, they also make excellent therapy dogs. Leonberger puppies grow up to be surprisingly graceful adult dogs, who will appreciate moderate exercise and some regular training. They are shedders, so you’ll want to brush that double coat regularly.

The head, in its entirety, is deeper than it is broad, rectangular shaped. The length of muzzle to length of back skull is approximately equal, with no wrinkles, and cheeks are only slightly developed. Males have a strong masculine head while female heads express femininity.

Chest is broad, roomy, and deep, reaching at least to the level of the elbows, pronounced prosternum. Fore and rear quarters well muscled. Ribs are well-sprung, oval. Underline is only slightly tucked up. Loin is broad, compact, strong, well muscled. Croup is broad, relatively long, gently sloped, flowing smoothly into root of tail.

FOREQUARTERS

Shoulder Angulation – Well laid-back and well muscled the shoulder meets the upper arm at approximately a right angle allowing for excellent reach. Shoulder and upper arm rather long and about equal in length. Elbows – Close to body, neither in nor out when standing or gaiting. Forelegs – Well-boned, muscular, straight and parallel to each other. Pasterns – Strong, firm and straight when viewed from front, slightly sloping when viewed from side. Dewclaws – Usually present. Feet – Turn neither in nor out, rounded, tight, toes well arched (cat foot), pads always black.

Leonbergers have a medium to long, water resistant, double coat on the body and short fine hair on the muzzle and front of limbs. Outer coat is medium-soft to coarse and lies flat. It is straight, with some generalized wave permitted. Mature males carry a mane, which extends over neck and chest. The undercoat is soft and dense, although it may be less so in summer months or warmer climates. In spite of the double coat, the outline of the body is always recognizable. Leonbergers have distinct feathering on backside of forelegs and ample feathering on breeches and some ear feathering. Tail is very well furnished. Females are less likely to carry a coat as long as males and this disparity must not be a consideration when judged against the male. Natural appearance of the coat is essential to breed type.

HINDQUARTERS

Angulation – In balance with forequarters. The rear assembly is powerful, muscular and well-boned. Legs – Viewed from the rear, the legs are straight and parallel, with stifles and paws turned neither in nor out, placed widely enough apart to match a properly built body. Thighs – Upper and lower of equal length, slanting and strongly muscled. Stifles – Angle clearly defined. Hocks – Strong of bone, distinctly angled between lower thigh and rear pastern well let down. Dewclaws – Rear dewclaws may be present. Feet – Turned neither in nor out, but may be slightly elongated compared to forefeet. Toes arched pads always black.


Watch the video: Lake Chicot State Park, Arkansas