Tourism in Central African Republic - History

Tourism in Central African Republic - History


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List of heads of state of the Central African Republic

This article lists the heads of state of the Central African Republic. There have been seven heads of state of the Central African Republic and the Central African Empire since independence was obtained from the French on 13 August 1960. This list includes not only those persons who were sworn into office as President of the Central African Republic but also those who served as de facto heads of state.

Jean-Bédel Bokassa served as a de facto head of state (and also reigned as Emperor from 1976–1979), while David Dacko (who served as de facto head of state from 1979–1981), André Kolingba, Ange-Félix Patassé, and François Bozizé were elected into office at some point during their tenure. To date, Kolingba is the only former head of state of the Central African Republic to voluntarily step down from the office through a democratic process, following the 1993 general election.

The current President of the Central African Republic is Faustin-Archange Touadéra, since 30 March 2016. [2]


Testo integrale

1 Today, sustainable development is an essential reference in environment- and heritage-related discourses and actions, as regards selection, protection, management and development. It is a polysemous concept, but when applied to World Heritage management it poses above all the question of how to conciliate the protection of this heritage, how to preserve the exceptional universal value it carries and how to ensure a harmonious development which can also benefit local populations. For several years, international institutions, non-governmental organizations and national policies have been active in the context of heritage preservation, by attempting to make the latter profitable for their residents as well. Sustainable development, through the preservation of a heritage of Humanity, may thus become an ideal model allowing for the transmission of elements of an exceptional value (both tangible and intangible), and thus of diversity and of memory, as well as for an access to well-being, but also for a fairer distribution of wealth. The principles of this acceptation are based on economic efficiency, social equity and the quality of the environment. In this context, tourism appears as one of the key sectors for promoting local development.

2 The Central African example of the site of Dzanga-Sangha, which appears on the World Heritage list, will allow us to see how this tourism can appear as a model of development for places identified as heritage sites and what the main stakes and risks associated with them are. This area is situated in the subprefecture of Bayanga (document 1), in the South-West of the country, in the zone of a great forest reserve belonging to the tri-national reserve of Central Africa : the National Park of Dzanga Ndoki in Central African Republic, to which Dzanga-Sangha belongs, the National Park of Nouabalé-Ndoki in the Republic of Congo and the National Park of Lobéké in Cameroon.

Document 1: Protected areas in Central Africa in 2009

3 However, there often seems to be a discrepancy between the goals set and the identified modes of operation. This discrepancy raises questions about the concrete practices of governance of the development programs and of the management plans, namely concerning the satisfaction of the fundamental needs and the essential aspirations of human beings. Criticisms can be made on the management undertaken, from which a certain number of frustrations may result.

4 In the end, we will have to consider whether the tourist development of protected areas always really contributes to protecting the heritage, and according to what measures, what modes and within what limits it can benefit or not the social development of the rural population concerned. Does taking into account ecotourism as a process of development and of the sustainable protection of the cultural and natural heritage represent a viable alternative ?

  • 1 All the fieldwork was carried out by Peggy Ouoko from 15 February 2012 to 25 February 2012 and from (. )

5 The answers provided in this article come from a precise analysis of the local situation which was made possible thanks to fieldwork conducted in 2012 during two successive phases 1 and which favoured an accelerated method of participative research (MARP). As such, this research required a good integration within the populations. It was based on observations and the collection of information from local communities via a focus group and limited discussion groups, with the advantage of being able to interview several people at the same time. For example, this method allowed to draw up, with the villagers, an historical profile and a map of the land, and to pinpoint the social incidences of the development program. Institutions and the representatives of the main actors who were locally involved were also interviewed.


Travel and Tourism in Central African Republic

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Executive Summary

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Instability and violence continue to tarnish Central African Republic’s travel and tourism

Central African Republic has continued to be a poor and unstable country since its independence from France in 1960. A national unity government was established in 2009 from two rebel leaders, but pockets of rebel activity continue across the country, with insurgents from neighbouring Uganda, the Lord’s Resistance Army, operating in Central African Republic, as well as conflicts in Sudan, Chad and Congo, Democratic Republic overspilling their borders. Furthermore, the country has recently been thrown into chaos since the Seleka rebels seized power from President Francois Bozize in April 2013, causing a humanitarian crisis in the country. The nation is extremely undeveloped and the majority of the population live in poverty

Business leads the way in tourism flows

The security situation, combined with a lack of funding, has hampered travel and tourism development within the country. Despite possessing natural attractions, the number of inbound visitors remains extremely low, comprising largely business visitors, many of whom are aid and conservation workers. Many countries, including the US, UK and Canada, have warnings against all travel to the country. As a result, travel and tourism is facing an uphill struggle in the country to attract visitors, combined with inadequate facilities on the ground.

Air remains the key category for travel and tourism

In terms of mode of transportation, the roads remain a dangerous environment for tourists and they prefer to limit their visit only to the key cities of the country. Only about 20% of the country’s total routes are paved, including roads between Bangui and Bossembele, Bangui and Sibut and between Bangui and M’Baiiki. Air transportation so far is the key travel mode for tourists arriving and leaving the country.

National parks provide ecotourism potential

The country has four national parks with fantastic natural attractions, and it is hoped that they can be the key to successful sustainable tourism for the country. Features include waterfalls near the capital city Bangui, primate safaris for gorilla-watching, elephants, rhinoceros and buffaloes, as well as pristine rainforests in untouched settings. Ecotourism has become the tourism focus for many countries in this region, and Central African Republic risks missing out on development and income opportunities while the instability continues. However, the country is working closely with the United Nations World Tourism Organisation to develop its ecotourism offerings.

Foreign investment, a key source for future tourism development

As some international countries are highly alarmed about the situation in Central African Republic, experts can look only at foreign investments coming after international intervention to calm down the political situation and to establish a trusted climate for business. One such channel is CEMAC (Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l’Afrique Centrale, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa). The intervention was launched in April 2013 to provide peace to the country, but it was not successful. France remains one of the key mediators for the economic and political partners within the country and outside its borders.

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Africa is gifted by nature and is exceedingly well endowed with diverse resources including vegetation, i .

Africa is gifted by nature and is exceedingly well endowed with diverse resources including vegetation, insects, wild animals, mountains, rivers, lakes, surrounded by oceans and hot springs among othe .


Центральноафриканская Республика - Количество прибывших

Международный въездной туризм (ночующие посетители) – это количество туристов, которые едут в другие страны (но не в те, где они у них обычное место жительства, т.е. за пределы их обычной среды обитания), в течение периода, не превышающего 12 месяцев, и их главной целью посещения не является деятельность, оплачиваемая из источника в посещаемой стране. Когда данные по количеству туристов отсутствуют, количество посетителей, которое включает в себя туристов, посетителей, пассажиров круизных судов и членов экипажа отображается вместо него. Источники и методы сбора для прибывших отличаются в разных странах. В некоторых случаях данные взяты из пограничной статистики (полиции, иммиграционной службы и т.п.) и дополнены кадастровой съемкой. В других случаях данные взяты от учреждений, размещающих туристов. Для некоторых стран количество прибывших ограничено для тех, кто путешествует по воздуху, а для остальных количество прибывших ограничена размещением в гостиницах. Некоторые страны включают прибытие соотечественников, проживающих за рубежом, в то время как другие это не включают. Необходимо с осторожностью сравнивать показатель прибывших туристов в разных странах. Данные о въезжающих туристах относятся к числу поездок, а не к количеству людей путешествующих. Таким образом, человек, который совершает несколько поездок в течение определенного периода, подсчитывается каждый раз как заново прибывший.

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The Best Attractions In Central African Republic

Here are the Top 10 places you must visit in Central African Republic.

Travel to : Central African Republic .

Central African Republic Vlog #018

Best Tourist Destinations- Central African Republic Tourist Attractions

Tourism central african republic

Tourism central african republic
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Bangui
Bagui is the capital & largest city of the Central African Republic . It is situated on the northern bank of the Ubangi River. It is a very important trade centre. The nightlife & markets here are worth visiting. The presidential palace is a very attractive here. A so called big mosque is a popular place to visit & also a number of museums that document both the colonization of the country as well as the culture of its indigenous people.
Boali waterfalls
It is situated in the town of Boali , a little upstream the main town.It is 164 ft tall & best experienced during the wetter conditions of the weather. Its best to visit this place during the rainy season. The lake is abundant in crocodiles.
Dzanga-sangha National Park
This park is situated in southwest region of the country near the borders with Cameroon & the Republic of Congo. It is one of the most important parks in the country also known as the second largest rainforest in the world. It is distinctive for its thick lowland rainforest & strategic location near the Sangha River. The reserve is home to large species of mammals such as forest elephants, the bongo, chimpanzee, western lowland gorillas, sitatungas, water buffaloes etc.
Manovo-gounda st Floris National Park
This park is located in the northeastern region near the border with Chad. The park is divided into three types of landscape, the flood plain around the Bahr Aouk & Bahr Kameur rivers, the mountainous south & the lowland plains in between. Visitors can see there black rhinoceros, leopards, cheetahs, elephants, lions, giraffes, hippos& buffaloes as well as 320 different bird species.
Zinga
Zinga is a small town lying on the banks of the Oubangui river, which flows through the southern part of the country. It is around 100 km south of Bangui city. Though it is a small town but it is valuable place to visit for tourist. The wooden houses here are great examples of traditional Congo houses. The people of the town are friendly & welcoming to tourists.

Top 7 Travel Destinations in Africa

Africa is a great travel gem to be discovered, filled with abundant wildlife, diverse aquatic life and some of the world’s best beaches and friendliest people.

Below you'll find my personal favorite places to visit in Africa. Planning your trip around any of these destinations will be worthwhile.

Africa is one of the most popular tourist destinations across the globe.
In fact, it is extremely famous among people who love adventure, nature’s diversity as well as mind blowing landscapes.
A person visiting South Africa simply can’t get enough of the country and wish to return back for more and more.

Here are the Africa's Top 7 Travel Destinations.

Congo Tourist Attractions: 14 Top Places to Visit

Planning to visit Congo? Check out our Congo Travel Guide video and see top most Tourist Attractions in Congo.

Top Places to visit in Congo:
Congo River, Virunga National Park, Mount Nyiragongo, Kahuzi-Biéga National Park, Lola ya Bonobo, Garamba National Park, Okapi Wildlife Reserve, Salonga National Park, Boyoma Falls, Livingstone Falls, Pool Malebo, Maiko National Park, Idjwi, Petites Chutes de la Lukaya


Economy

The economy of the CAR is dominated by the cultivation and sale of food crops such as cassava, peanuts, maize, sorghum, millet, sesame, and plantain . The annual real GDP growth rate is just above 3%. The importance of foodcrops over exported cash crops is indicated by the fact that the total production of cassava, the staple food of most Central Africans, ranges between 200,000 and 300,000 tons a year, while the production of cotton, the principal exported cash crop, ranges from 25,000 to 45,000 tons a year. Foodcrops are not exported in large quantities but they still constitute the principal cash crops of the country because Central Africans derive far more income from the periodic sale of surplus foodcrops than from exported cash crops such as cotton or coffee. [ citation needed ]

The CAR's largest import partner is South Korea (20.2%), followed by France (13.6%) and Cameroon (7.7%), while its largest export partner is Japan (40.4%), followed by Belgium (9.8%) and China (8.2%). [ 20 ] [ 21 ]

Many rural and urban women also transform foodcrops into alcoholic drinks such as sorghum beer or hard liquor and derive considerable income from the sale of these drinks. Much of the income derived from the sale of foods and alcohol is not "on the books" and thus is not considered in calculating per capita income, which is one reason why official figures for per capita income are not accurate in the case of the CAR.

The per capita income of the CAR is often listed as being around $300 a year, said to be one of the lowest in the world, but this figure is based mostly on reported sales of exports and largely ignores the more important but unregistered sale of foods, locally produced alcohol, diamonds, ivory, bushmeat, and traditional medicine, for example. The informal economy of the CAR is more important than the formal economy for most Central Africans. [ citation needed ]

Diamonds constitute the most important export of the CAR, accounting for 40–55% of export revenues, but an estimated 30–50% of the diamonds produced each year leave the country clandestinely. Export trade is hindered by poor economic development, and the location of this country far from the coast. [ citation needed ]

The wilderness regions of this country have potential as ecotourist destinations. The country is noted for its population of forest elephants. In the southwest, the Dzanga-Sangha National Park is a rain forest area. To the north, the Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park has been well-populated with wildlife, including leopards, lions, and rhinos. To the northeast the Bamingui-Bangoran National Park. However the population of wildlife in these parks has severely diminished over the past 20 years due to poaching, particularly from the neighboring Sudan. [ citation needed ]

The CAR is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). [ 22 ]

The CAR is ranked 180 out of 181 on 'ease of business' in the 2009 Doing Business Report of the World Bank Group. The 'ease of business' ranking uses a composite index on regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. [ 23 ]


Location of Africa: Reserving 22% of our Planet

It&rsquos no stretch to say that this continent takes up a sizeable portion on the earth&rsquos surface &ndash it is the only continent large enough to be in both the southern and northern temperate zones. Africa is located between the powerful Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Roaring in the north, is the azure Mediterranean Sea. Slashing its way across several African counties is the world&rsquos equator. The continent consists of 55 different countries, 9 territories. This mammoth continent takes up 22 percent of the world&rsquos land mass.


Wildlife tourism in the Central African Republic

Ten days in the central African rainforest photographing western lowland gorillas, agile mangabey monkeys, forest elephants - and spending time with the Ba'Aka pygmies.

February 2012 - a journey deep into the central African jungle to photograph western lowland gorillas, forest elephants and agile mangabey monkeys, and to spend time with the Ba'Aka pygmies.

CAR is a troubled country, with Joseph Kony still operating to the east in Sudan and DRC, regular rebellions in the north and very limited rule of law outside of the capital, Bangui. But there is a pocket of protected forest in the remote south-western tip of the country in a reserve known as Dzanga Sangha, where the Sangha river meets Cameroon and the Republic of Congo. This large (but shrinking) tract of virgin rainforest houses an extraordinary array of indigenous wildlife. If the country can stabilise, the potential for wildlife tourism is huge - but at present the majority of westerners here seem to be aid workers or missionaries.


Watch the video: Bangui, Central African Republic


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